Selected Papers: On Algebraic Geometry, Including Correspondence with Grothendieck

1. Daniel Bump, Algebraic Geometry.

The prerequisites for the textbook are fairly minimal. Although it does discuss commutative algebra, there is a flavor of geometry pervasive throughout the entire text.

2. Holme, A Royal Road to Algebraic Geometry.

3. Shafarevich, Basic Algebraic Geometry, vol. 1, 2

4. Perrin Algebraic Geometry an Introduction.

5. Miles Reid, undergraduate algebraic geometry.

Steve pointed out the thing that makes EGA difficult to read is not that it is dense, but rather that it is gigantic.

Robin Hartshorne’s book algebraic geometry is an edulcorated version of Grothendieck and Dieudonné’s EGA, which changed algebraic geometry forever.

EGA was so notoriously difficult that essentially nobody outside of Grothendieck’s first circle(roughly those who attended his seminars) could (or wanted to) understand it, not even luminaries like Weil or Néron .

Things began to change with the appearance of Mumford’s mimeographed notes in the 1960’s, the celebrated Red Book, which allowed the man in the street(well, at least the streets near Harvard) to be introduced to scheme theory.

Then, in 1977, Hartshorne’s revolutionary textbook  algebraic geometry was published. With it one could really study scheme theory systematically, in a splendid textbook, chock-full of pictures, motivation, exercises and technical tools like sheaves and their cohomology.

However the book remains quite difficult and is not suitable for a first contact with algebraic geometry: its Chapter I is a sort of reminder of the classical vision but you should first acquaint yourself with that material in another book.

GTM 52 的精华是第 2, 3章, 分别介绍 Scheme 和它上面的 Cohomollogy theory.

GTM 52 有习题 464 道. 这本书的习题, 非常重要! 当然, 习题也不一定必须一个一个全部做完.

Basic Algebraic Geometry 1

The third Edition of  “Basic Algebraic Geometry” has just been published.

Shafarevich’s Basic Algebraic Geometry has been a classic and universally used introduction to the subject since its first appearance over 40 years ago. As the translator writes in a prefatory note, “For all [advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate] students, and for the many specialists in other branches of math who need a liberal education in algebraic geometry, Shafarevich’s book is a must.”

Shafarevich’s book is an attractive and accessible introduction to algebraic geometry, suitable for beginning students and nonspecialists, and the new edition is set to remain a popular introduction to the field.

The third edition, in addition to some minor corrections, now offers a new treatment of the Riemann–Roch theorem for curves, including a proof from first principles.

Basic Algebraic Geometry 2

The second volume is in two parts: Book II is a gentle cultural introduction to scheme theory, with the first aim of putting abstract algebraic varieties on a firm foundation; a second aim is to introduce Hilbert schemes and moduli spaces, that serve as parameter spaces for other geometric constructions. Book III discusses complex manifolds and their relation with algebraic varieties, Kähler geometry and Hodge theory. The final section raises an important problem in uniformising higher dimensional varieties that has been widely studied as the “Shafarevich conjecture”.

The style of Basic Algebraic Geometry 2 and its minimal prerequisites make it to a large extent independent of Basic Algebraic Geometry 1, and accessible to beginning graduate students in mathematics and in theoretical physics.